פרסומים

2016
מעמד אישי ומגדר: נשים פלסטיניות בישראל
קוזמא ליאת, יזבק היבא ed. מעמד אישי ומגדר: נשים פלסטיניות בישראל. ראשונה . (קוזמא ליאת, יזבק היבא). פרדס הוצאה לאור; 2016.תקציר
מגע המוות: על הקרבה עצמית באסלאם המודרני
חטינה מאיר. מגע המוות: על הקרבה עצמית באסלאם המודרני. ראשונה . תל-אביב: הוצאת רסלינג; 2016 'עמ. 320.תקציר
Il martirio nell'Islam moderno
Hatina M, Ferrari T: P. Il martirio nell'Islam moderno. Milano: Obarrao Edizioni; 2016 'עמ. 398.Abstract

Il tema del martirio nell’Islam viene qui inquadrato in un’ampia prospettiva storica che ne contestualizza le componenti ideologiche, simboliche, sociali e politiche, evitando di focalizzare l’attenzione sulle motivazioni personali degli attentatori suicidi, come spesso è accaduto negli studi finora pubblicati.

A partire dal XX secolo e fino ai giorni nostri la pratica dell’autosacrificio ha sollevato accese dispute all’interno del mondo islamico, sia sciita sia sunnita. I movimenti più radicali l’hanno adottata come strumento principale del jihad, elevando gli attentatori suicidi al rango di martiri, altri hanno posto vincoli sul suo utilizzo, mentre le correnti più moderate l’hanno condannata da un punto di vista teologico o morale.

Meir Hatina esplora i diversi modi di concepire l’autosacrificio seguendone l’evoluzione attraverso i secoli, evidenziando i retaggi della tradizione ebraica, cristiana e di altre culture non islamiche nonché i legami con il contesto sociopolitico contemporaneo.

Attingendo a un vasto corpus di fonti di prima mano – cronache, testi giuridici, manifesti ideologici, memorie, testamenti, hadith e fatwa –, oltre che alla più recente letteratura storiografica e sociologica, il libro apre inedite prospettive su uno dei fenomeni più controversi e inquietanti del nostro tempo.

Martyrdom and Sacrifice in Islam: Theological, Political and Social Contexts
Hatina M, Litvak M ed. Martyrdom and Sacrifice in Islam: Theological, Political and Social Contexts. (Hatina M, Litvak M). London: I.B. Tauris; 2016.Abstract

Martyrdom in the Muslim world is increasingly integral to conversations about international security. Over the years, the belief system around self sacrifice has become key to understanding the Middle East and its political relationships with the West, although much of the literature and conversation has been restricted to modern concepts of jihadism. The recent spate of scholarship relating to suicide bombers and jihadists studies these concepts without a broader understanding of the principle of martyrdom. This book expands on the chronology of self-sacrifice within Islam and contextualizes the use of suicide bombings using details of the rise of martyrdom in places such as Iraq, Lebanon, Chechnya, and Pakistan. It historicises the background in which "jihad" has been glorified while also exploring contemporary methods of recruitment, like the use of the internet. The authors pay close attention to the different sects and factions of Islam and the differing interpretations of jihad that accompany these ideologies. In the current political climate, a book that explores martyrdom within the framework of historical perspectives, geographical regions, and the influence of outside cultures is essential.

The Ottoman Culture of Defeat and the Shifting of Ottoman Identities : The Balkan Wars and Their Aftermath (1912-1914)
Ginio E. The Ottoman Culture of Defeat and the Shifting of Ottoman Identities : The Balkan Wars and Their Aftermath (1912-1914). New York: Oxford University Press; 2016 'עמ. 391.
Global Women, Colonial Ports: Prostitution in the Interwar Middle East
Kozma L. Global Women, Colonial Ports: Prostitution in the Interwar Middle East. Albany: State University of New York Press; 2016.Abstract

Combines analysis of transnational prostitution and traffic in women with a social history of the League of Nations and interwar globalization.

Global Women, Colonial Ports is a transnational history of state-regulated prostitution in the Middle East and North Africa between the two world wars. Beginning with international efforts to eradicate traffic in women and children, Liat Kozma examines French and British policies regarding local and foreign prostitutes in the region and shows how these policies affected and interacted with global migration routes of prostitutes and procurers. In so doing, she reveals how colonial domination mediated global mobility of people, practices, and ideas. Kozma weaves together the perspectives of colonial and local feminists with those of medical doctors, demonstrating that debates on prostitution were globalized and that transnational networks of knowledge and activism existed. She also explores the League of Nations’ involvement in this social issue. As a history of the Middle East, the book joins recent scholarship on modern globalization and the integration of the region in global economic, activist, social, and religious interconnectedness.

“Meticulously researched, carefully written, and compellingly argued, this book breaks new ground. Kozma looks across the region at a fascinating social issue—regulated prostitution—tying it to global concerns. Moving adroitly from international law and urban planning to migration, disease, and abolition, she helps craft a new understanding of mobility in the interwar period. This is transnational history at its best.” — Beth Baron, author of The Orphan Scandal: Christian Missionaries and the Rise of the Muslim Brotherhood

The League of Nations' Work on Social Issues
Kozma L, Garcia MR, Rodogno D ed. The League of Nations' Work on Social Issues. (Kozma L, Garcia MR, Rodogno D). New York: The United Nations Press; 2016.
2015
Arab Liberal Thought after 1967
חטינה מאיר, Schumann C ed. Arab Liberal Thought after 1967. (חטינה מאיר, Schumann C). Palgrave Macmillan US; 2015.תקציר

This volume aims at confronting the image of the Middle East as a region that is fraught with totalitarian ideologies, authoritarianism and conflict. It gives voice and space to other, more liberal and adaptive narratives and discourses that endorse the right to dissent, question the status quo, and offer alternative visions for society.

Reviews

"This innovative work provides an important perspective of how liberal thought and Islamic practice interacts in Middle Eastern life. The nuanced examination of the variety of liberal expression is a must read for anyone interested in understanding how abstract liberal principles are contextualized to expand freedom and democracy in the Middle East." M. Hakan Yavuz, University of Utah, USA

"While many scholars assume liberal discourse, values, and norms have disappeared or are irrelevant to Arab societies and cultures, [this volume shows] clearly the opposite: that there exists a broad corpus of literature dealing seriously and comprehensively with liberal values, principles, policies, and strategies. This is a truly extraordinary contribution to a more balanced picture of what is really going on in the contemporary Middle East, particularly after 1967." - Israel Gershoni, Tel Aviv University, Israel

"This profoundly humanistic collection of essays reviews the many-faceted nature of liberalism in the post-1967 Arab Middle East, from both secular and 'Islamic' perspectives. The unsettling nature of new ideas and new discourses about liberalism, democracy, and human rights is clearly visible from the vigorous attempts to silence them on the part of regimes whose authoritarianism has alas not yet been quashed by the popular uprisings that have taken place since 2011." Peter Sluglett, Middle East Institute, National University of Singapore.

Chances for Peace: Missed Opportunities in the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Podeh E. Chances for Peace: Missed Opportunities in the Arab-Israeli Conflict. University of Texas Press; 2015 'עמ. 424.תקציר

Drawing on a newly developed theoretical definition of “missed opportunity,” Chances for Peace uses extensive sources in English, Hebrew, and Arabic to systematically measure the potentiality levels of opportunity across some ninety years of attempted negotiations in the Arab-Israeli conflict. With enlightening revelations that defy conventional wisdom, this study provides a balanced account of the most significant attempts to forge peace, initiated by the world’s superpowers, the Arabs (including the Palestinians), and Israel. From Arab-Zionist negotiations at the end of World War I to the subsequent partition, the aftermath of the 1967 War and the Sadat Initiative, and numerous agreements throughout the 1980s and 1990s, concluding with the Annapolis Conference in 2007 and the Abu Mazen-Olmert talks in 2008, pioneering scholar Elie Podeh uses empirical criteria and diverse secondary sources to assess the protagonists’ roles at more than two dozen key junctures.

A resource that brings together historiography, political science, and the practice of peace negotiation, Podeh’s insightful exploration also showcases opportunities that were not missed. Three agreements in particular (Israeli-Egyptian, 1979; Israeli-Lebanese, 1983; and Israeli-Jordanian, 1994) illuminate important variables for forging new paths to successful negotiation. By applying his framework to a broad range of power brokers and time periods, Podeh also sheds light on numerous incidents that contradict official narratives. This unique approach is poised to reshape the realm of conflict resolution.

The Rebellion of Muḥammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya in 145/762: Talibis and Early Abbasis in Conflict
Elad A. The Rebellion of Muḥammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya in 145/762: Talibis and Early Abbasis in Conflict. Brill; 2015 'עמ. 500.תקציר

This book presents a detailed in-depth study, primarily based on primary Arabic sources, of the background, history and the consequences of the rebellion of Muhammad b. ʿAbdallah b. al-Hasan b. al-Hasan b. ʿAli b. Abi Talib, better known as al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, in 145/762, during the reign of the Abbasid Caliph, Abu Jaʿfar al-Mansur. It focuses on the relations between the early Abbasid and the different Talibi-(Shiʿi) families - mainly the Hasanis and the Husaynis - and the internal struggles between these factions for the legitimacy of authority.

2014
The Ottoman Middle East: Studies in Honor of Amnon Cohen
Ginio E, Podeh E ed. The Ottoman Middle East: Studies in Honor of Amnon Cohen. (Ginio E, Podeh E). Leiden: Brill; 2014 'עמ. xv+265.תקציר

This collection of articles discusses various political, social, cultural and economic aspects of the Ottoman Middle East. By using various textual and visual documents, produced in the Ottoman Empire, the collection offers new insights into the matrix of life during the long period of Ottoman rule. The different parts of the volume explore the main topics studied by Amnon Cohen: Ottoman Palestine, Egypt and the Fertile Crescent under Ottoman rule, Ottoman Jews and their relations with the surrounding societies and various social aspects of Ottoman societies.

יוון - קהילות ישראל במזרח במאות התשע-עשרה והעשרים
ג'יניאו אייל ed. יוון - קהילות ישראל במזרח במאות התשע-עשרה והעשרים. (ג'יניאו אייל). ירושלים: יד יצחק בן-צבי; 2014 'עמ. xi+460.תקציר

כרך יוון הוא הספר הארבעה-עשר בסדרה "קהילות ישראל במזרח במאות התשע-עשרה והעשרים".

ההיסטוריה הארוכה של יוון, המבנה הגאוגרפי המיוחד שלה ומיקומה בין מזרח למערב ובין עולם האיסלאם לעולם הנצרות עיצבו חיים יהודיים עשירים ומגוונים בקהילות שחלקן נמנות עם הקהילות היהודיות העתיקות בגולה. שתי סוגיות היסטוריות מרכזיות נדונות ברבים מפרקיו של הכרך והן קשורות זו לזו: תהליכי מודרניזציה והשתלבותן של הקהילות במדינה, תחילה במדינה העות'מאנית ולאחר מכן במדינת הלאום היוונית. במאות התשע-עשרה והעשרים חוו הקהילות היהודיות ביוון שינויים פוליטיים, חברתיים, תרבותיים וכלכליים מהירים. זרמים רעיוניים מסוגים שונים השפיעו על בני הקהילות ועודדו צמיחה של מגמות חדשות. שינויים אלה גרמו לעתים למאבקים פנימיים בתוך הקהילות היהודיות ולמתחים בינן לבין החברה הסובבת, אך לעתים גם אפשרו הזדמנויות חדשות. אימוץ התרבות והשפה הצרפתית, ציונות, סוציאליזם, השתלבות בחברה הסובבת ובתרבותה, חילון, קידום מעמדן של הנשים והגירה הם בין התופעות והתהליכים הנדונים בכרך.

קהילת סלוניקי הייתה עד לשואה הקהילה היהודית הגדולה והחשובה ביותר ביוון ואחת הקהילות החשובות והמשפיעות במרחב התרבותי היהודי-הספרדי, סמל לחיים יהודיים עצמאיים ועשירים בגולה. מטבע הדברים קהילה זו זוכה ליצוג ניכר בספר, ועם זאת מוצג בו גם הגיוון התרבותי, הלשוני והחברתי של יהודי יוון כפי שהתקיים מאות בשנים בקהילות אחרות. בסוף הכרך נדונה בהרחבה השואה ביוון, שהביאה להשמדת מרבית יהודיה. חלק מן הניצולים בחרו להגר מיוון, וחלקם בחרו להישאר על אדמתה ולשקם את מקצת הקהילות. שני הפרקים החותמים כרך זה מתמקדים בחיים היהודיים ביוון לאחר השואה ובשימור הזיכרון של הקהילות שאינן.

A Global Middle East: Mobility, Materiality and Culture in the Modern Age, 1880-1940
קוזמא ליאת, Schayech C, Wishnitzer A ed. A Global Middle East: Mobility, Materiality and Culture in the Modern Age, 1880-1940. (קוזמא ליאת, Schayech C, Wishnitzer A). London: IB Tauris; 2014 'עמ. 256.תקציר

The start of the twentieth century ushered in a period of unprecedented change in the Middle East. These transformations, brought about by the emergence of the modern state system and an increasing interaction with a more globalized economy, irrevocably altered the political and social structures of the Middle East, even as the region itself left its mark on the processes of globalization themselves. As a result of these changes, there was an intensification in the movement of people, commodities and ideas across the globe: commercial activity, urban space, intellectual life, leisure culture, immigration patterns and education - nothing was left untouched. It shows how even as the Middle East was responding to increased economic interactions with the rest of the world by restructuring not only local economies, but also cultural, political and social institutions, the region's engagement with these trends altered the nature of globalization itself. This period has been seen as one in which the modern state system and its oftentimes artificial boundaries emerged in the Middle East. But this book highlights how, despite this, it was also one of tremendous interconnection.

Approaching the first period of modern globalization by investigating the movement of people, objects and ideas into, around and out of the Middle East, the authors demonstrate how the Middle East in this period was not simply subject or reactive to the West, but rather an active participant in the transnational flows that transformed both the region and the world. A Global Middle East offers an examination of a variety of intellectual and more material exchanges, such as nascent feminist movements and Islamist ideologies as well as the movement of sex workers across the Mediterranean and Jewish migration into Palestine. A Global Middle East emphasises this by examining the multi-directional nature of movement across borders, as well as this movement's intensity, volume and speed. By focusing on the theme of mobility as the defining feature of 'modern globalization' in the Middle East, it provides an essential examination of the formative years of the region.

Intangible Spirits and Graven Images: The Iconography of Deities in the Pre-Islamic Iranian World
Shenkar M. Intangible Spirits and Graven Images: The Iconography of Deities in the Pre-Islamic Iranian World. Brill; 2014 'עמ. 394.תקציר

In Intangible Spirits and Graven Images, Michael Shenkar investigates the perception of ancient Iranian deities and their representation in the Iranian cults. This ground-breaking study traces the evolution of the images of these deities, analyses the origin of their iconography, and evaluates their significance. Shenkar also explores the perception of anthropomorphism and aniconism in ancient Iranian religious imagery, with reference to the material evidence and the written sources, and reassesses the value of the Avestan and Middle Persian texts that are traditionally employed to illuminate Iranian religious imagery. In doing so, this book provides important new insights into the religion and culture of ancient Iran prior to the Islamic conquest.

Martyrdom in Modern Islam: Piety, Power, and Politics
Hatina M. Martyrdom in Modern Islam: Piety, Power, and Politics. Cambridge University Press; 2014 'עמ. 286.תקציר

The Islamic resurgence in modern times has received extensive treatment in scholarly literature. Most of this literature, however, deals with the concept of jihad and disputes between radicals and their rivals over theological and political issues, and far less with martyrdom and death. Moreover, studies that do address the issue of martyrdom focus mainly on "suicide" attacks - a phenomenon of the late twentieth century and onward - without sufficiently placing them within a historical perspective or using an integrative approach to illuminate their political, social, and symbolic features. This book fills these lacunae by tracing the evolving Islamic perceptions of martyrdom, its political and symbolic functions, and its use of past legacies in both Sunni and Shi'i milieus, with comparative references to Judaism, Christianity, and other non-Islamic domains. Based on wide-ranging primary sources, along with historical and sociological literature, the study provides an in-depth analysis of modern Islamic martyrdom and its various interpretations while also evaluating the historical realities in which such interpretations were molded and debated, positing martyrdom as a vital component of contemporary identity politics and power struggles.

Nomads as Agents of Cultural Change: The Mongols and Their Eurasian Predecessors
Amitai R, Biran M ed. Nomads as Agents of Cultural Change: The Mongols and Their Eurasian Predecessors. (Amitai R, Biran M). University of Hawai'i Press; 2014 'עמ. 360.תקציר

Since the first millennium BCE, nomads of the Eurasian steppe have played a key role in world history and the development of adjacent sedentary regions, especially China, India, the Middle East, and Eastern and Central Europe. Although their more settled neighbors often saw them as an ongoing threat and imminent danger—“barbarians,” in fact—their impact on sedentary cultures was far more complex than the raiding, pillaging, and devastation with which they have long been associated in the popular imagination. The nomads were also facilitators and catalysts of social, demographic, economic, and cultural change, and nomadic culture had a significant influence on that of sedentary Eurasian civilizations, especially in cases when the nomads conquered and ruled over them. Not simply passive conveyors of ideas, beliefs, technologies, and physical artifacts, nomads were frequently active contributors to the process of cultural exchange and change. Their active choices and initiatives helped set the cultural and intellectual agenda of the lands they ruled and beyond. 

This volume brings together a distinguished group of scholars from different disciplines and cultural specializations to explore how nomads played the role of “agents of cultural change.” The beginning chapters examine this phenomenon in both east and west Asia in ancient and early medieval times, while the bulk of the book is devoted to the far flung Mongol empire of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. This comparative approach, encompassing both a lengthy time span and a vast region, enables a clearer understanding of the key role that Eurasian pastoral nomads played in the history of the Old World. It conveys a sense of the complex and engaging cultural dynamic that existed between nomads and their agricultural and urban neighbors, and highlights the non-military impact of nomadic culture on Eurasian history.

Nomads As Agents of Cultural Change illuminates and complicates nomadic roles as active promoters of cultural exchange within a vast and varied region. It makes available important original scholarship on the new turn in the study of the Mongol empire and on relations between the nomadic and sedentary worlds.

2013
יודקביץ' ג'ניה. ישראל והאביב הערבי: הזדמנויות בשינוי. (גורן נמרוד). מיתווים - המכון הישראלי למדיניות-חוץ אזורית וקרן פרידריך אברט; 2013.תקציר

הספר בעריכת ד"ר נמרוד גורן וג'ניה יודקביץ' והיוצא לאור בשיתוף פעולה עם מיתווים – המכון הישראלי למדיניות-חוץ אזורית מבוסס על ההנחה שההתפתחויות האחרונות במזרח התיכון מביאות עמן הזדמנויות חשובות למדיניות-החוץ האזורית של ישראל.

הספר החדש כולל סדרת מאמרים שכתבו חברי צוות הפרויקט, מומחים מתחומי המזרח התיכון, היחסים הבינלאומיים, התקשורת, החברה האזרחית והמדינאות. הם מספקים מבט רחב על האפשרויות לישראל באביב הערבי, ומציגים מיתווים מדיניים קונקרטיים לשם הוצאתן אל הפועל.

מחברי המאמרים בספר הם: ד"ר נמרוד גורן, ד"ר רונן זיידל, ד"ר עידו זלקוביץ', ליאור להרס, פרופ' משה מעוז, קסניה סבטלובה, כמאל עלי-חסאן, ד"ר אהוד ערן, פרופ' אלי פודה, יעל פתיר, וג'ידא רינאוי-זועבי

ישראל והאביב הערבי: הזדמנויות בשינוי הינו תוצר של פרויקט "הזדמנויות בשינוי" הנעשה בשיתוף פעולה בין מיתווים – המכון הישראלי למדיניות-חוץ אזורית וקרן פרידריך אברט. בבסיס הפרויקט עומדת ההנחה שההתפתחויות האחרונות במזרח התיכון מביאות עמן הזדמנויות חשובות למדיניות-החוץ האזורית של ישראל ולפיתוח קשרים עם מדינות ערב והאסלאם, ושקובעי המדיניות בישראל צריכים לזהות הזדמנויות אלו ולפעול כדי לממשן.

לקריאת הספר, לחצו כאן.

Image icon mitvim_opportunities-in-change_hebrew.jpg
Mysticism and Philosophy in al-Andalus:Ibn Masarra, Ibn al-Arabi and the Ismaili Tradition
Ebstein M. Mysticism and Philosophy in al-Andalus:Ibn Masarra, Ibn al-Arabi and the Ismaili Tradition. Brill; 2013 'עמ. 276.תקציר

Muslim Spain gave rise to two unusual figures in the mystical tradition of Islam: Ibn Masarra (269/883-319/931) and Ibn al-ʿArabī (560/1165-638/1240). Representing, respectively, the beginning and the pinnacle of Islamic mysticism in al-Andalus, Ibn Masarra and Ibn al-ʿArabī embody in their writings a type of mystical discourse which is quite different from the Sufi discourse that evolved in the Islamic east during the 9th-12th centuries.
In Mysticism and Philosophy in al-Andalus, Michael Ebstein points to the Ismāʿīlī tradition as one possible source which helped shape the distinct intellectual world from which both Ibn Masarra and Ibn al-ʿArabī derived. By analyzing their writings and the works of various Ismāʿīlī authors, Michael Ebstein unearths the many links that connect the thought of Ibn Masarra and Ibn al-ʿArabī to the Ismāʿīlī tradition.

תרפ"ט: שנת האפס בסכסוך היהודי-ערבי
כהן הלל. תרפ"ט: שנת האפס בסכסוך היהודי-ערבי. כתר; 2013 'עמ. 436.תקציר

הספר בוחן את מאורעות תרפ"ט, חושף גילויים מפתיעים וחודר לזרמי המעמקים בציבור היהודי ובציבור הערבי. זהו מסע לשורשי הקיום היהודי בארץ, לשורשי ההוויה הערבית בארץ, לשורשי האלימות והדם.

2012
ישראל במרכז אסיה (רוסית)
מסמד ולדימיר. ישראל במרכז אסיה (רוסית). מוסקבה; 2012.