תקציר:Language: Hebrew The need for an up-to-date, comprehensive introduction to Islam has long been essential. The chapters in this book express new research and insights, shedding a new light on conventional approaches. This study depicts a broad picture of the Islam. It discusses a variety of issues - religious beliefs, rules and rituals, theology, philosophy, mysticism, culture and society - from the rise of Islam to this day. This extensive title enables readers to become acquainted with processes of continuity and change throughout the history of Islam: relationships between religion and state, the perception of Jihad, and approaches toward religious minorities and western Christian culture. These questions became relevant in the Modern era, especially in the late 18th century, when Islamic societies were forced to deal with European colonialism, political revolutions, growing social-economic inequality, and crises of identity and culture.